Batik is one way of making fabric. Batik can refer to two things. The first is the technique of coloring cloth using the night to prevent staining part of the fabric. In the international literature, this technique is known as a wax-resist dyeing. The second notion is a fabric or clothing made ??with these techniques, including the use of certain motifs that its uniqueness.
Batik Indonesia, as the overall engineering, technology, and development-related motives and culture, UNESCO has been designated batik as a Cultural Heritage for Humanity Oral and Non stuff (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) since October 2, 2009.
The word “batik” comes from the combination of two Javanese word “amba”, meaning “writing” and “point” which means “point”. Although the word “batik” comes from the Javanese, the presence of batik in Java itself is not recorded. This product is a genuine tradition of the area such as Toraja, Flores, Halmahera and Papua. It should be noted that the region is not an area that is influenced by Hinduism, but known to the ancient tradition of making batik
Batik’s History and Techniques
The art of dyeing cloth to prevent staining technique using the night is one of the ancient art form. In Africa, such as the this product technique known by the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria, as well as the Soninke and Wolof tribe in Senegal. In Indonesia, This product is believed to have existed since the Majapahit era, and became very popular late eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced batik is all up to the early twentieth century and the new batik known after World War I or sometime in the 1920s. Since industrialization and globalization, which introduces automation techniques, batik is a new type emerged, known as batik and printed batik, while that produced by traditional batik techniques using a canting handwriting and night is called batik.